View image. Bacteria and viruses can infect the salivary glands. A gland is more likely to get infected by bacteria if the duct that releases saliva into the mouth gets blocked.
Salivary infection, also called sialadenitis, most commonly affects the parotid salivary glands on the side of the face, near the ears or the submandibular salivary glands under the jaw. The most common causes of acute salivary gland infections are bacteria, especially Staphylococcus aureus, or staph. Viruses and fungi can also cause infection in the glands.
There are many possible causes of parotid swellings, from Sjogren's syndrome to either benign or malignant neoplasms, explain Mr Malcolm Buchanan, Dr Himat Thandi and Miss Jaan Panesar. The rate of growth of a parotid swelling, whether or not it is painful, and the presence of any associated symptoms such as xerostomia and xerophthalmia that might suggest Sjogren's syndrome, can all be established from a good history. Facial weakness and rapid growth are indicative of malignancy, where pain is not usually a presenting feature.
Case A year-old woman presented to the ED with pain and swelling on the right side of her neck. She stated the pain started earlier that morning and worsened when she ate or swallowed. The patient denied a recent or remote history of drooling, voice changes, or neck swelling.
Salivary gland infections affect the glands that produce spit saliva. The infection may be due to bacteria or viruses. All of the salivary glands empty saliva into the mouth.
Special Offers. The culprit might just be parotid gland swelling or inflammation. Your parotid glands are the largest of your salivary glands and are located in your mouth in the upper part of either cheek, in front of and beneath your ears.
A 55 year old male patient reported in the department of oral and maxillofacial surgery with a chief complaint of swelling on right side of face from last 2 months. He reported a progressive increase in the swelling. Pain and discomfort was present from last 7 days with increased swelling, and reduced mouth opening. On examination, the face appeared asymmetrical with a swelling in the right cheek which was small, smooth, dome shaped, present approximately 1.
The parotid gland is a major salivary gland in many animals. In humans, the two parotid glands are present on either side of the mouth and in front of both ears. They are the largest of the salivary glands.